Ghana Independence, technology, and our progress. In the twentieth century, advances in information technology — from computers to communications — were critical in the development of prosperity and an increase in the standard of living in developed countries. With increasing strains on natural capital, any road to improved living conditions for the world’s poor is contingent in part on technological advancements.
Poverty reduction requires innovations in a variety of fields, from energy to medicine to food production. However, information technology, in its broadest sense, remains the most likely area in which poor countries can learn from rich countries — and pioneer on their own.
Stronger societies are made possible when all citizens are accounted for and empowered to fully participate in the world economy. That’s historically been a significant challenge in the Republic of Ghana, where a significant majority of its population does not possess formal government identification. That challenge fuels economic hardship.
It prevents citizens from gaining access to government services, limits their participation in democratic elections, and contributes to the unequal distribution of national wealth.
The Republic of Ghana has been making plans to promote economic growth for the last decade. It is shooting for a low to middle-income status in the upcoming decade. In order to accomplish this, the focus has shifted heavily on agriculture. Agriculture is the ticket to a sustainable living environment with food security, supplies, and clothes, etc.
The issues hindering productivity in Ghana have been farmland, economic conditions, and infrastructure. This is due to the lack of fundamental training in land management and equipment. To combat this, widening the use of technology to make farming in Ghana easier should accelerate productivity. When technology makes things more convenient, people can accomplish more in one day.
Ghana Independence, The Epicenter Of Technology Production In Sub Saharan Africa
Ghana has been the epicenter of technology production in Sub-Saharan Africa for the past two decades. Ghana’s technology has advanced to the point where it can produce solutions in IT programs and sustainability training. Accra, one of the Republic of Ghana’s major cities, has always been the first to discover a new method or tool for technology and solutions. Ghana began with virtually no health, economic, or environmental institutions in the last 20 years.
In this essay, I will concentrate on the role of information technology in the economic and social development of Ghana. The subject of technological change and development in Ghana. There are a number of options. Ghana’s Technology for Producing Solutions has progressed.
Productivity in Ghana is at a higher rate than in its neighboring nations. Ghana uses 6% of its gross domestic product to pay for education, one of the highest percentages in the world. It is a participant in world trade. Gold, cocoa and oil are three of Ghana’s primary exports. This keeps profits high enough to continue to educate and train younger citizens to farm and harvest. For example, the GDP (gross domestic product) of the neighboring country Togo is less than Ghana. Meanwhile, 30% of the population in Togo lives below the poverty line (2,366,700 people). Ghana’s percentage of those below the poverty line is 23.4% (6,966,180 people).
Ghana’s digital revolution began with the establishment of the Meltwater Entrepreneurial School of Technology in 2008. The school also has an incubator. The school started the rise of tech entrepreneurs in the country through prior to its establishment, there were pockets of tech entrepreneurs. Ghana’s digital growth has been largely influenced by high mobile penetration. By the end of April 2017, the total number of mobile voice subscriptions was 35,984,280 while the total subscriptions of mobile data in the country were 21,584,899 with a penetration rate of 76.22%.
Fintech Space In Ghana Has Been Most Vibrant
Of the various sub-sectors of the digital revolution, the fintech space in Ghana has been the most vibrant. Dominated by start-ups, these companies are rapidly changing the way money and financial services are handled by both individuals and corporates. From the simple payment gateway that allows customers to buy mobile phone airtime from their bank account to apps that help customers send and receive remittances to their mobile wallets, these companies are having a massive impact on Ghana’s payment sector.
This sector is dominated by the likes of Mpower, Slydepay, Zeepay, ExpressPay. This has led to collaborations between banks and insurance companies and most members in the payment sector. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to launch a cellular mobile network in 1992. It was also one of the first countries in Africa to be connected to the internet and to introduce ADSL broadband services.
Ghana Telecom (GT) was privatized in 1996. On 3 July 2008, the company was sold to Vodafone for $900 million. After the transaction closed, Vodafone had a 70% stake in the company, while the Ghanaian government retained a 30% stake.
On 16 April 2009, the company was rebranded as Vodafone Ghana.
Since then, the mobile market in Ghana has grown rapidly, with six competing operators, including MTN, Vodafone, Millicom (Tigo), and Zain (Airtel). Mobile penetration in Ghana is currently above 100%, way above the African average. But this does not mean every Ghanaian owns a mobile phone – it is due to the practice of ‘multi-simming’ whereby people own more than one SIM card.
In January 2013 Ghana was ranked as the country with the highest mobile broadband penetration in Africa, according to an International Telecommunications Union (ITU) report. According to the Measuring Information Society Report released in the last quarter of 2012, mobile broadband penetration surged from 7% in 2010 to 23% in 2011.
The Government of Ghana through the Ministry of Communications is playing a pivotal role in the development of a robust framework to support the digitization of the economy in a manner that captures and benefits every citizen.
This is contained in a statement issued by Minister of Communications, Ursula Owusu-Ekuful in line with the just-opened ITU Telecoms World 2017 Conference in Busan, South Korea.
The theme for the conference is “Smart Digital Transformation, Global Opportunities”, and it focuses on how to globalize accessibility to smart technologies for the benefit of all, particularly the estimated 3.9 billion people who, according to the ITU, still don’t have access to ICT.
The ITU is therefore using this year’s conference to create Business to Business(B2B) and Business to Government(B2G) networks across the world with the view to bridging the digital gap.
It is in keeping with that global vision that the MOC is embarking on what it calls the Digital Ghana Agenda to cover as much of the digitally deprived communities and persons as possible.
“As part of our Digital Ghana Agenda, we are embarking on an ambitious infrastructure development program for the ICT Sector, with national broadband infrastructure and total connectivity for the unserved and underserved at the heart of the agenda. No one will be left behind,” Ursula Owusu Ekuful said.
She said in an effort to bridge the digital divide, regional Community Information Centres (CIC) have been built across the country to bring government e-services, including postal services, passport services, birth registrations, etc. closer to communities.
the Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo Government is proud to have launched the biometric National Identity Card, which is enhanced with new technologies including tactile elements for the blind, chip embedding technology, and iris capabilities.
“We are also pleased to have launched the National Digital Property Addressing System, powered by the locally developed Asaase GPS App, which will provide every Ghanaian with a unique permanent digital address linked to postcodes.
“The introduction of paperless port operations, the integrated e-immigration system, e-procurement, e-parliament, e-justice, e-cabinet and smart workplaces among other initiatives, which are all at various stages of implementation and the development of an interoperability system to integrate government databases, all represent significant milestones in Ghana’s journey to digitization,” she said, adding that “it’s DigiTimes in Ghana!”
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